landscape sport bike bicycle

Wheel Truing

Wheel Truing

Wheel truing is actually very easy to do. Even if you have no experience with mountain biking or truing a wheel, it doesn’t take a rocket scientist to accomplish it.

The first thing to do is make sure that none of your spokes are loose. To check, grab each spoke in turn and try to shake it back and forth. If the spoke wobbles or makes pinging and grating noises, it’s loose. If it’s loose, add tension to the spoke by turning the spoke anti-clockwise with your finger and thumb pressure.

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Keep turning and shaking until the noise is gone and the spoke doesn’t wobble or move. Move on to the next spoke until you’ve gone all the way around the wheel and checked them all.

Turn your bike upside down

Now, it’s time to see just how true the wheel actually is. Turn your bike upside down then spin the wheel to see where it comes closest to rubbing on the brake.

You may need to rotate the wheel back and then forwards to locate the middle of the bulge on the wheel. Tighten the spokes which run onto the other side of the rim. If those spokes are already tight, you’ll need to loosen a few of the spokes which run to the bulge side of the hub.

Truing a wheel is easier than you may think, although it can be a little tough with some wheels. If you need to loosen spokes, be very careful that you don’t break them. They can be very tough to loosen on older mountain bikes.

Huffy Hardtail Mountain Bike

DISCLAIMER:

This information is not presented by a medical practitioner and is for educational and informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read.
Since natural and/or dietary supplements are not FDA-approved they must be accompanied by a two-part disclaimer on the product label: that the statement has not been evaluated by FDA and that the product is not intended to “diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”

parked racing bicycles

Types Of Mountain Biking

Types Of Mountain Biking

As a sport or a hobby, mountain biking can be split into 9 different categories. These categories are very versed in what they offer. They are:

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BMX

BMX is a style where the bikes offer 20-inch wheels. These bikes are commonly used at skate parks or with dirt jumps. Because of their smaller wheels and shorter wheelbases, BMX bikes are much easier to perform tricks and stunts with.

Cross country

This type of mountain biking involves riding your bike up and down hills. Although it’s the least extreme form of mountain biking, most cross-country riders are very fit and go on long rides.

Cyclocross

This is a cross between road and mountain biking. These riders have to go over obstacles, cross through rivers, and race on and off the course.

Dirt jumping

Dirt jumping involves jumping the bike over large man-made dirt jumps and then doing tricks while they are in the air. These jumps are normally close together so riders can go over six or more jumps in one run, gaining a flow to give them more speed for bigger jumps.

Downhill

Downhill mountain biking involves racing downhill as fast as possible. This type of riding is very intense and extreme, offering riders the chance for ultimate thrills and excitement.

Freeride

Free riding involves finding the perfect line down the mountain using all of the terrains to express yourself. These competitions are very popular, as riders can express themselves in any way they see fit.

Single speed

No, to be confused with fixed gears, this is a form of cross-country biking that’s done using a bike with only one gear and fewer components. The idea with single speed is simplicity. The straight chain line will provide efficient pedaling, and the lack of components means fewer mechanical problems and a lighter bike.

Street and urban

This type of riding involves riding in urban areas, ledges, and other types of man-made obstacles. Riders of the street and urban biking will do tricks as well, such as stalls and grinds.

Trails

Trials are considered an aspect of mountain biking, although the bikes used look nothing like mountain bikes. They use 20 or 26-inch wheels and sport small, low frames. Trail riders will hop and jump their bikes over obstacles, which requires an extreme amount of balance and concentration.

Huffy Hardtail Mountain Bike

DISCLAIMER:

This information is not presented by a medical practitioner and is for educational and informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read.
Since natural and/or dietary supplements are not FDA-approved they must be accompanied by a two-part disclaimer on the product label: that the statement has not been evaluated by FDA and that the product is not intended to “diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”

silhouette of person riding on commuter bike

Mountain Bike Designs

Mountain Bike Designs

The designs for mountain bikes can be classified into three categories based on suspension:

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  1. Hardtail – A frame with no rear suspension, often containing a front suspension fork.
  2. Fully rigid – This is a sub-type of a hardtail, with a rigid fork.
  3. Dual or full suspension – These bikes offer a front suspension fork and a rear suspension that are integrated into the frame.
  4. Soft tail – Offers a frame with a small amount of rear suspension, normally less than a full suspension frame.

Different Designs

The different designs of bikes in mountain biking will offer you what you need for your unique style of riding. You’ll want a different bike for different terrains, such as cross-country or downhill. As the terrain changes, you’ll want to make sure you have the right bike for the job.

Mountain biking is different than any other sport, offering you plenty of excitement and thrills. If you are new to mountain biking, you’ll find the different designs to be very enticing yet very challenging at the same time. Each design serves a purpose with mountain biking, even some that excel on the trails.

Several other designs reflect the many challenging disciplines in the sport of mountain biking. No matter what type of mountain biking you like to do, there are bikes for that specific discipline.

If you are new to mountain biking, you’ll want to check out the many designs and types of biking before you purchase a bike. Mountain biking can be a lot of fun and exciting, although it can also be very dangerous if you don’t have the right bike for the terrain. Before you decide to buy a bike and hit the trails, make sure you have the right design mountain bike for the ride you are planning on doing.

Huffy Hardtail Mountain Bike

DISCLAIMER:

This information is not presented by a medical practitioner and is for educational and informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read.
Since natural and/or dietary supplements are not FDA-approved they must be accompanied by a two-part disclaimer on the product label: that the statement has not been evaluated by FDA and that the product is not intended to “diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”

group of people riding a bicycle

Things To Take With You

Things To Take With You

When you decide to go mountain biking on a long day’s ride, there are several things that you should take with you. Below, you’ll find the essentials that you should have with you.

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  1. Backpack – a camelback or mule is a good idea here.
  2. Waterproof – the type that packs down very small is the best to have.
  3. Water – you need at least 2 liters for a long ride.
  4. Food – sandwiches and energy bars are the best to have with you to eat.
  5. Pump – take a good one with you, as the small mini pumps are a waste of time and money.
  6. Tire levers if you need them.
  7. Two small inner tubes.
  8. A piece of medium emery paper about 3 inches long and an inch wide.
  9. A cut-up tube of Crest for pinch punctures or to use as a tire boot.
  10. A carpet needle.
  11. A card of linen thread to repair torn tires.
  12. A good chain splitter.
  13. At least two black pins. You should tape these to the inside lid of your puncture repair kit.
  14. A set of Allen wrenches. The penknife style is the best to get.
  15. A small screwdriver.
  16. A first aid kit that includes an elastic bandage.
  17. A Spokey spoke key.
  18. A felt tip pen that will show on inner tubes.
  19. Some lunch and phone money.

Long Rides

If you take the above with you, you should have no problems with long mountain bike rides. Everything on the above list will serve a purpose, all you have to do is give them a chance. If you’ve ever been mountain biking and ran into problems in the past, you should know firsthand just how important the proper supplies can actually be.

Huffy Hardtail Mountain Bike

DISCLAIMER:

This information is not presented by a medical practitioner and is for educational and informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read.
Since natural and/or dietary supplements are not FDA-approved they must be accompanied by a two-part disclaimer on the product label: that the statement has not been evaluated by FDA and that the product is not intended to “diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”

black and white hardtail bike on brown road between trees

The History Of Mountain Biking

The History Of Mountain Biking

There is a lot of history and information out there in regards to the history and origins of mountain biking, with some being recognized and some that depend on who has the best firm of public relations.

Some say that mountain biking began with the Buffalo Soldiers, which was a turn-of-the-century infantry who customized bikes to carry gear over the rough and tough terrain. They began in August of 1896, 800 miles. Their mission was simple – to test bikes for military use in the toughest of terrain.

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Velo Cross Club

Others say it was the Velo Cross Club of France that started mountain biking. The club was comprised of 20 young bikers from Paris, who between 1951 and 1956 developed a sport that resembles present-day mountain biking.

It could have also been John Finley Scott, who was the first mountain biker in the U.S. In 1953 he constructed what he called a “Woodsie Bike”, using a diamond frame, balloon tires, flat handlebars, and cantilever brakes. He was more than 20 years
ahead of his time. Even though he remained an off-road enthusiast, many at that time didn’t share that same passion.

Today, we believe that the history of the mountain bike is most apparent in Northern California. There are a few areas that claim to be the first community for mountain biking, although each and every history book will tell you about Marin County.

The sport of mountain biking has taken many twists and turns over the last several hundred years. Even though many say different things about the history and the beginning, we know one thing for sure – one thing has led to another and the sport of mountain biking was born.

Huffy Hardtail Mountain Bike

DISCLAIMER:

This information is not presented by a medical practitioner and is for educational and informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read.
Since natural and/or dietary supplements are not FDA-approved they must be accompanied by a two-part disclaimer on the product label: that the statement has not been evaluated by FDA and that the product is not intended to “diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”

landscape sport bike bicycle

The Bunny Hop

The Bunny Hop

In mountain biking and even BMX riding, bunny hop is a bike trick that involved the rider lifting the bike up and over an obstacle while remaining in motion on the bike. Experienced bikers can lift their bikes above a meter or one and a half feet. The world record for the bunny hop stands at 4 feet.

The bunny hop is executed by approaching an obstacle with speed, lifting the front of the bike then leveling the pedals. If the bike has full or front suspension, pre-load the shocks by pressing down on the bike just before you reach the obstacle.

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Bunny Hop

Once the shocks have been pre-loaded, the rider will spring upwards, pulling up with the hands and feet at the same time. Toe straps or clipless pedals help with this, although if plain platform pedals are used, it’s still possible. As the biker lifts, the hands will roll through twisting the throttle. After the object is cleared, push down on the bike then absorb the impact with the arms and the legs.

It’s oftentimes a misconception that a bunny hop without toe clips is achieved by rotating forward on the handlebars. Lifting on a mountain bike while standing next to it is quite difficult to hold on to the handlebars.

The bunny hop is very popular with mountain biking, as experienced riders can make it look a lot easier than it actually is. New mountain bikers should practice a lot before they actually attempt the hop, as doing it on a bigger obstacle can easily be quite dangerous.

With proper practice, bunny hop can be achieved, even for beginners. All you have to do is give it some time and effort, and you’ll be pulling off the bunny hop just like the pros do it.

Huffy Hardtail Mountain Bike

DISCLAIMER:

This information is not presented by a medical practitioner and is for educational and informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read.
Since natural and/or dietary supplements are not FDA-approved they must be accompanied by a two-part disclaimer on the product label: that the statement has not been evaluated by FDA and that the product is not intended to “diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”

two people riding bicycle

Technical Down Hill Mountain Biking

Technical Down Hill Mountain Biking

The key to down hilling is relaxing your upper body. The steeper and rockier the hill is, the more tightly the rider tends to put a death grip on the handlebars. Most riders tend to slow down as they approach obstacles such as rocks, then apply both brakes.

If you don’t apply your brakes, the rock will stop your wheel. This isn’t good, as the rock can throw you off balance and completely kill any type of momentum you have.

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Extra Momentum

Relaxed riders won’t slow down as much. The combination of extra momentum and no front braking at crucial moments will allow the wheel to bump over the rock and continue onward with little effort.

If you are going slow, it’s essential to release your brakes as much as possible when you approach an obstacle. This may entail going a bit faster, although the result is much less painful. On steep hills, going slow will always make things much more difficult.

One exception to this is a very tight turn. If a hop is out of the question, you’ll need to slow down to allow the smallest radius of the turning circle. This kind of thing takes practice, although track standing is a great way to improve your balance.

Although down-hilling is one of the most extreme methods of mountain biking, it can also be one of the most dangerous. If you’re new to mountain biking you shouldn’t start with down hilling, as it takes a lot of practice.

With a bit of practice and knowing the right techniques, technical down-hilling is something you’ll find fun. It can provide quite a rush and a lot of excitement for those who seek adventure.

Huffy Hardtail Mountain Bike

DISCLAIMER:

This information is not presented by a medical practitioner and is for educational and informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read.
Since natural and/or dietary supplements are not FDA-approved they must be accompanied by a two-part disclaimer on the product label: that the statement has not been evaluated by FDA and that the product is not intended to “diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”

photo of purple mountain bike drifting

Spring Tune Up Tips

Spring Tune-Up Tips

If you don’t ride in the winter, you’ve probably spent the winter months on the couch eating chips and watching television. Before you know it, spring will be here and a new season of mountain biking will begin. Even though your body may not be in shape, these tips will ensure that your bike is.

Before you take your bike out, check the wear and tear on your components and adjust them if necessary. Start with your chain. If you haven’t replaced it in a year or more, it’s time to do so. Over time, the individual parts in the chain will get worn out, increasing their effective length.

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As this happens, the chain is no longer able to conform to the cog and the teeth of the chainring, so it wears those teeth out to fit the profile of the chain. If you can replace the chain before it stretches too much you’ll save yourself from having to replace high-priced cogs and chainrings.

Now, check the bearing surfaces. These include your bottom bracket, hubs, and headset. Each of these should turn without a problem with no play in the system. Before checking the bottom bracket, make sure each cranking arm is snugged tight. Next, hold
on to the crank arm (not the pedal) and wobble it back and forth. If you hear any clicking or if the crank arm binds, the bottom bracket needs to be adjusted.

Wheels Off

Do the exact same thing with your hubs. Take the wheels off the bike, spin the hub axles, then feel for any free play or binding. If you feel play or binding, you need to make an adjustment. To check the headset, start by putting the newly adjusted wheels back on the bike.

Now, grab the front brake and pull and push the handlebars back and forth. There shouldn’t be any play. If you lift the front end off the ground, the fork should turn very smoothly. If it feels rough, it needs to be either adjusted or replaced.

While you’re looking, check the condition of your cables and housing. The cables should be rust-free and the housing shouldn’t be cracked or kinked. If you see any of this you should replace the offending device if you don’t your shifting and braking will be sluggish.

Last, you should inspect your brake pads. Most pads will have ridges or indicator marks that will let you know when they need to be replaced. Brake pads that are worn out will compromise both safety and braking efficiency.

Once you’ve got the tune-ups out of the way, it’s time to go for a ride. With your mountain bike running better than ever, all you have to do now is have fun!

Huffy Hardtail Mountain Bike

DISCLAIMER:

This information is not presented by a medical practitioner and is for educational and informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read.
Since natural and/or dietary supplements are not FDA-approved they must be accompanied by a two-part disclaimer on the product label: that the statement has not been evaluated by FDA and that the product is not intended to “diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”

person on yellow mountain bike

Sizing Mountain Bikes

Along with giving you a better selection and expert advice, bike shop personnel can help you get fitted to the right size bike. You can get the bike either too big or too small, which will cause your enjoyment to suffer. Follow the tips below, and you’ll have the perfect fit for your mountain bike.

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Standover height

When you check the fitting yourself, the first thing you want to check is the inseam clearance or the standover height. You want to have plenty of room between yourself and the top tube when you come to a stop. There should be around four to six inches of clearance from the top of your inseam to the top of the top tube.

Leg and feet position

There’s a nifty formula for determining the leg position for riding a mountain bike. When riding a mountain bike, the terrain constantly changes, raising you off the seat constantly, sometimes just slightly, other times completely off.
Therefore, you’ll need to set your saddle slightly lower than you would on any other type of bike. Be sure you take this slightly lower seat height position into effect when you factor in the size of the frame.

Riding compartment

The next thing you’ll want to check is the rider compartment layout (the distance between the saddle and the handlebars). Once the proper leg extension has been determined, be sure the handlebar is one to two inches below the height of the saddle. You should never have the handlebars higher than the seat unless there is some type of upper body problem.

Dual suspension bikes

With suspension being at both ends, you’ll want your weight more in the middle of the bike so that your weight is distributed evenly between the front and rear suspension units, thus allowing the front and rear suspension to work as a unit.

This can be done quite easily by using either a higher or shorter stem to raise the hand height, which will, in turn, move the upper body up and the weight towards the rear. The increase in rising shouldn’t be any more than two inches, then the decrease in reach shouldn’t be any more than two inches.

Test ride

Once you have taken all of these steps into account, go out and test-drive the bike. Make sure you wear a helmet, even if you are going to be testing for a brief period of time. Be sure that the tires are set to the right pressure, and that the shop has adjusted the bike for you properly.

You should have a shop employee observe your body position and ride height while riding, to determine if any further adjustments need to be made. Ride the bike around for a bit to get used to its handling and new equipment. Start slowly, then give the bike a bit of time to present its personality.

After a few minutes, you might notice that something isn’t working correctly or just doesn’t feel right in general. If this happens, go back to the shop and have the problem corrected before you rule out the bike.

The more you ride bikes, the easier it will be to tell the difference in the ride types. Keep in mind, it may take months and even years to appreciate the way a bike handles. Talk to those who ride, and ask them if they ride the bikes they sell. This way, you’ll learn more about the mountain bikes you love so much!

Huffy Hardtail Mountain Bike

DISCLAIMER:

This information is not presented by a medical practitioner and is for educational and informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read.
Since natural and/or dietary supplements are not FDA-approved they must be accompanied by a two-part disclaimer on the product label: that the statement has not been evaluated by FDA and that the product is not intended to “diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”

landscape sport bike bicycle

Setting Your Tire Pressure

Setting Your Tire Pressure

Riding your mountain bike with the appropriate amount of tire pressure can make a huge difference in how much control you have over your bike.

Setting your tire pressure too high will make for poor contact with the ground and also make your bike less controllable. Setting your tire pressure too low will make your tires unpredictable and also make them susceptible to pinch flats.

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The appropriate amount of tire pressure in a mountain bike will vary from rider to rider and tire setup to tire setup. The conditions of your trail and the type of terrain your ride will also greatly impact what tire pressure you should be using in your tires.

The trick here is to find out exactly what mountain bike tire pressure works for you and your setup during normal conditions. After doing this, you can learn to adjust your pressure for different trails and types of terrain as needed.

You should start by finding a reliable pressure gauge or a pump with a pressure gauge. Then, use this same gauge or pump anytime you are making adjustments. A gauge can be very inaccurate, so if you switch around it you can make things much more difficult.

PSI

You should start with a higher pressure of around 40 – 50 psi. If you have a tubeless system, you should start lower, 30 – 40 psi. The more you weigh, the higher pressure you should start with. Try this pressure for a while and get a feel for how the tires take corners and loose dirt.

Drop the pressure by 5 psi in each tire and get a feel for how this new setup rides and how it compares to your previous setting. You should notice some improvement in instability, and if you don’t, drop the pressure by another 5 psi.

You want to find the lowest pressure you can ride with without sacrificing pinch flat resistance. A pinch flat occurs when your tire rolls over an object and then compresses to the point where the tire and the tube get pinched between the object and the rim of the wheel.

With tubeless tire systems, you can run much lower air pressure, as you don’t have to worry about getting pinch flats. If you start to dent your rims, burp air out along the bead, or feel the tire roll under the rim during hard cornering, you’ve taken the pressure much too low.

Once you’ve found a comfortable setting for your tire pressure, learn what your tire feels like when you squeeze it with your hands. Once you know what your tires feel like you can always get the right air pressure – with any pump.

Huffy Hardtail Mountain Bike

DISCLAIMER:

This information is not presented by a medical practitioner and is for educational and informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read.
Since natural and/or dietary supplements are not FDA-approved they must be accompanied by a two-part disclaimer on the product label: that the statement has not been evaluated by FDA and that the product is not intended to “diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.”